The Medium Term Plan (MTP) 2008-2012 was the first in a series of successive 5 year medium term plans which was to implement the Kenya Vision 2030. It was to implement the Flagship Projects identified under Vision 2030 as well as other key policies and programmes over the last five years. A large part of the financing and investment of the programmes and projects came from the private sector through the Public Private Partnerships (PPPs). The ratio of investment to GDP was targeted to rise by 10 percentage points in five years while that of domestic savings to GDP was targeted to increase from the current 16 per cent to 26 per cent over the period.

The second MTP covers the period 2013-2017.

The second MTP will endeavour to steer the economy onto a growth path to achieve an average 10 percent Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate per annum by 2017, including meeting the other goals and targets outlined under the social and political pillars of the Kenya Vision 2030. It will prioritize policies, programmes and projects to reduce poverty and inequality including meeting the remaining Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) targets.

The Third Medium Term Plan (MTP III) outlines the main policies, legal and institutional reforms as well as programmes and projects that the Government plans to implement during the period 2018-2022. It builds on the achievements of the first and second MTPs.
It prioritizes implementation of the “Big Four” initiatives.
Increasing the manufacturing share of GDP from 9.2% to 15 % and agro-processing to at least 50 % of total agricultural output;
Providing affordable housing by building 500,000 affordable houses in five years across the country;
Enhancing Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) through construction of large-scale multi-purpose and smaller dams for irrigation projects, construction of food storage facilities and implementation of high impact nutritional interventions and other FNS initiatives; and
Achieving 100% universal health coverage.