The economic pillar aims to improve the prosperity of all Kenyans through an economic development programme, covering all the regions of Kenya, and aiming to achieve an average GDP growth rate of 10% per annum beginning in 2012. To address Kenya’s economic growth challenges and thereby creating more opportunites for everyone, six priority sectors have been targeted to raise the national GDP growth rate to 10% by 2012. The sectors are: Tourism, Agriculture and Livestock, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Manufacturing, Business Process Outsourcing and Financial Services.


The social pillar seeks to build a just and cohesive society with social equity in a clean and secure environment. No society can gain the social cohesion predicted by Vision 2030 if significant sections of it live in abject poverty. To that extent, Kenya Vision 2030 includes equity as a recurrent principle in all its economic, social and political programmes. Special attention has been given to investment in the arid and semi-arid districts, communities with high incidence of poverty, unemployed youth, women, and all vulnerable groups. The sectors under the social pillar are; Education & Training, Health, Environment, Water & Sanitation, Labour , Youth & Human Resource Development and Population, Urbanization & Housing.

Education and Training

Under education and training, Kenya will provide a globally competitive and quality education, training and research.. Kenya aims to be a regional centre of research and development in new technologies. This will be achieved through: (i) integrating early childhood education into primary education; (ii) reforming secondary school curricula: (iii) modernizing teacher training; (iv) strengthening partnerships with the private sector; (v) developing key programmes for learners with special needs, (vi) rejuvenating on-going adult training programmes; (vii) revising the curriculum for university and technical institutes to include more science and technology; and (viii) in partnership with the private sector, the Government will also increase funding to enable all these institutions to support activities envisaged under the economic pillar.

Programmes and Projects for 2008 – 2012
The government, in collaboration with development partners and other stakeholders has been implementing the Kenya Education Sector Support Programme (KESSP) with a view to addressing the main sector issues including the need to strengthen the management and delivery ofeducational services. In effect, this will improve the access, quality, equity and relevance of education and training. In order to stay on track towards meeting the objectives of the EFA, MDGs and Vision 2030, further investments in the short, medium and long term will be made necessary. The short- and medium-term investment programmes that will be implemented have been categorised into key areas including: One Year Recovery Strategy; Flagship projects which
are critical to the achievement of Vision 2030 ; and Public Private Partnership (PPP) programmes.


The health sector forms a key component of the social pillar of the Vision 2030, with a goal to develop a population that is healthy and productive and able to fully participate in and contribute to other sectors of the economy. To improve the overall livelihoods of Kenyans, the country aims to provide an efficient integrated and high quality affordable health care system. Priority will be given to preventive care at community and household level, through a decentralized national health-care system. With devolution of funds and decision-making to district level, the Ministry headquarters will then concentrate on policy and research issues. With the support of the private sector, Kenya also intends to become the regional provider of choice for highly-specialized health care, thus opening Kenya to “health tourism”. Improved access to health care for all will come through: (i) provision of a robust health infrastructure network countrywide; (ii) improving the quality of health service delivery to the highest standards (iii) promotion of partnerships with the private sector; (iv) providing access to those excluded from health care for financial or other reasons.

Environment, Water & Sanitation

Kenya aims to be a nation that has a clean, secure and sustainable environment by 2030. This will be achieved through: (i) promoting environmental conservation to better support the economic pillar’s aspirations; (ii) improving pollution and waste management through the application of the right economic incentives; (iii) commissioning of public-private partnerships (PPPs) for improved efficiency in water and sanitation delivery; (iv) enhancing disaster preparedness in all disaster-prone areas and improving the capacity for adaptation to global climatic change.
Kenya is a water-scarce country. The economic and social developments anticipated by Vision 2030 will require more high quality water supplies than at present. The country, therefore, aims to conserve water sources and enhance ways of harvesting and using rain and underground water. The 2030 vision for Water and Sanitation is to ensure that improved water and sanitation are available and accessible to all. This will be realized through specific strategies, such as: (i) raising the standards of the country’s overall water, resource management, storage and harvesting capability; (ii) rehabilitating the hydro-meteorological data gathering network; (iii) constructing multipurpose dams (e.g., on Nzoia and Nyando); and (iv) constructing water and sanitation facilities to support a growing urban and industrial population.

Labour , Youth & Human Resource Development

Kenya intends to create a globally competitive and adaptive human resource base to meet the requirements of a rapidly industrializing economy. This will be done through life-long training and education. As a priority, a human resource data base will be established to facilitate better planning of human resources requirements in the country. Furthermore, steps will be taken to raise labour productivity to international levels. Other steps will include the establishment of new technical training institutions, as well as the enhancement of closer collaboration between industry and training institutions.
The 2030 vision for gender, youth and vulnerable groups is gender equity in power and resource distribution, improved livelihoods for all vulnerable groups, and responsible, globally competitive and prosperous youth. In addition, Kenya aims to capitalise on her international reputation as an “athletic superpower” by opening up the country for top global sports events, encouraged by corporate sponsorship. The Government will provide stricter enforcement of copyright laws in music and the performance arts, and provide facilities for the most talented musicians and actors. The country aims to be a competitive destination for global film producers.

Population, Urbanization & Housing

Given the current demographic trends, Kenya will be a predominantly urban country by 2030. The country must, therefore, plan for high quality urban livelihoods for most of her people by that date. The 2030 vision for housing and urbanization is “an adequately and decently-housed nation in a sustainable environment.” This will be attained through: (i) better development of and access to affordable and adequate housing; (ii) enhanced access to adequate finance for developers and buyers; (iii) pursuit of targeted key reforms to unlock the potential of the housing sector; (iv) initiation of a nationwide urban planning and development campaign, starting with Kenya’s major cities and towns.

Flagship Projects for 2008 – 2012

Prepare and implement strategic development and investment plans in six metropolitan regions (Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu-Kakamega; Nakuru-Eldoret, Wajir-Garissa-Mandera, Kitui-Mwingi-Meru


Moving to the Future as One nation

Vision 2030 envisions a country with a democratic system reflecting the aspirations and  expectations of its people. Kenya will be a state in which equality is entrenched, irrespective of one’s race, ethnicity, religion, gender or socioeconomic status; a nation that not only respects but also harnesses the diversity of its peoples’ values, traditions and aspirations for the benefit of all. The Vision aims to move all Kenyans to the future as one nation.

The political pillar of Vision 2030 is

a democratic political system that is issue-based, people-centred, result-oriented and accountable to the public

An issue-based system is one that meets the widest public interest. “People-centred” refers to responsiveness to the needs and rights of citizens, whose participation in all public policies and resource allocation processes is both fully appreciated and enabled. A result-oriented system is stable, predictable and based on measurable outcomes (including performance). An accountable system is open, transparent and permits the free flow of information, and is one in which the leaders are accountable to citizens. Such a vision will guarantee Kenya’s attainment of specific goals, strategies and flagship projects outlined under Vision 2030’s economic and social pillars.


The successful implementation of Kenya Vision 2030 and especially this First Medium Term Plan will be anchored on a number of cross-cutting factors and themes that are in themselves the foundation of Kenya’s envisaged national transformation. These factors, also called enablers, include the central role to be played by an improved and expanded national physical infrastructure including, the roads and railways network; as well as the overarching role of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). Other cross-cutting themes include envisaged reforms in the management and utilisation of land;

2030 Vision aspires for a country firmly interconnected through a network of roads, railways, ports, airports, and water ways, and telecommunications. It should provide water and modern sanitation facilities to her people. By 2030, it will become impossible to refer to any region of our country as “remote”. To ensure that the main projects under the economic pillar are implemented, investment in the nation’s infrastructure will be given the highest priority